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intermediate accounting



Tutor: Mr. Sserwadda Hannington – 0701408277

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Question 1

(a) Distinguish between ordinary subscription and life subscription.

(b) Toto is a non-profit making organisation that commenced activities on 1 January, 2018. The

organisation runs a trading business of manufacturing and selling t-shirts.

The trial balance for the year ended 31 December, 2018 was as follows:

Debit Credit

Shs Shs

Sales 86,200,000

Land 47,000,000

Motor vehicles (3) 90,000,000

Buildings 120,000,000

Accumulated fund 101,580,000

Cost of goods fully manufactured 15,600,000

Subscriptions 9,000,000

Inventory (1 January, 2018) 4,500,000

Utilities 2,500,000

Salaries 4,000,000

Donations 100,739,000

Raffle receipts 30,000,000

Donations to other entities 600,000

Raffle expenses 569,500

Discount allowed 500,000

Bad debts written off 750,000

Return inwards (finished goods) 4,000,000

Accounts receivable 8,500,000

Accounts payable 16,000,500

Bank balance 45,000,000 –

343,519,500 343,519,500

Additional information:

1. The cost of closing inventory on 31 December, 2018 was Shs 5 million. This inventory could

be sold at Shs 5.1 million with a cost to sale of Shs 300,000.

2. The following balances as at 31 December, 2018 were also available:

Shs ‘000’

Prepaid utilities 200

Accrued salaries 1,500

3. 70% of utilities and 80% of salaries relate to the t-shirt business.

4. 60% of the building space is occupied by the t-shirt business. The organisation uses this as a

basis to apportion depreciation for the t-shirt business.

5. Two of the motor vehicles (cost Shs 35 million each) shown in the trial balance are used for

deliveries of t-shirts.

6. A provision for bad debts Shs 640,000 is to be made.

7. Of the subscription received, 20% is life subscription which is to be amortised over a period

of 8 years.

8. The organisation’s policy is to depreciate non-current assets at 10% per annum on cost. All

non-current assets were acquired during the year ended 31 December, 2018. It is the company’s

policy to charge full year depreciation in the year of purchase and none in the year of disposal.


Prepare for Toto a statement of:

(i) profit or loss for the t-shirt business for the year ended 31 December, 2018.

(ii) income and expenditure for the year ended 31 December, 2018.

(iii)financial position as at 31 December, 2018.

Question 2

The following balances were extracted from the books of Kaplan Ltd., a manufacturing and trading

company, as at 31 October 2007:

Shs “000”

Business premises at cost 20,000

Plant and equipment at cost 18,000

Motor vehicles at cost 6,400

Accumulated depreciation as at 1 November 2006:

Business premises 3,200

Plant and equipment 10,000

Motor vehicles 2,400

Ordinary shares (Shs 10 each) 15,000

Share premium 5,000

Retained earnings (1 November 2006) 28,300

Inventory as at 1 November 2006:

Direct materials 1,200

Work in progress 800

Finished goods 1,600

Purchases of direct materials sales 16,400

Production overhead 67,100

Administration overhead 10,400

Trade receivables 4,900

Trade payables 4,600

Other payables:

PAYE 1,300

VAT 2,800

Cash in hand 300

Bank balance 32,900

Direct manufacturing wages 18,000

Selling overhead 200

Additional information:

1. On 1 November 2006, the company sold an item of plant for Shs 600.000. The item of plant

had cost the company Shs 2,000,000 on 1st November 2003. The proceeds from the sale were

recorded as a credit to the sales account and a debit to the bank account.

2. Depreciation for the year ended 31 October 2007 is to be provided using the following annual


Asset Rate

Business premises 4% based on cost

Plant and equipment 20% based on cost

Motor vehicles 25% on reducing balance basis

3. Depreciation on motor vehicles is to be apportioned as follows:


Production overhead 50%

Selling overhead 25%

Administration overhead 25%

Depreciation on other assets is to be allocated to production overhead.

4. Inventory of raw materials as at 31 October 2007 was valued at Shs 1400,000. This inventory

included raw material which cost Shs 300,000 and could only realize a scrap value of Shs


5. Closing work-in progress as at 31 October 2007 was valued as follows:


Direct labour 500,000

Direct material 125,000

Production overhead 200,000

Total 1,700,000

6. The year end stock taking for finished goods was done on 3 November 2007. These goods

were valued at Shs 1,300,000 being the cost production.

7. The following transactions took place between 1 November 2007 before the stock taking of

the finished goods was carried out.


Sales to customers at selling price 500,000

Returns by customers at selling price 125,000

Completed work-in progress at total production cost 200,000

The goods sold to customers during the period 1 November 2007 to 3rd November 2007 were at a

uniform mark-up of 25% on the production cost.


(a) Manufacturing, trading and statement of comprehensive income for the year ended 31

October 2007.

(b) Statement of financial position as at 31 October 2007.

Question 3

(a) “For every small shopkeeper, market stall, Internet cafe, or other small business to keep its

books using a full double entry system would be ridiculous. It is more likely that they would

enter details of a transaction using a single-entry system. Many of them would fail to record

every transaction, resulting in incomplete records”.


Explain the term “single entry book keeping” and any three reasons why some business

have incomplete records or use the single-entry system of book keeping.

(b) Senior Hannington runs a second-hand furniture business from a shop which he rents. He does

not keep complete accounting records, but is able to provide you with the following

information about his financial position at 1 April 2022:


Stock of furniture 3,210,000

Trade Receivables 2,643,000

Trade creditors 1,598,000

Motor vehicle 5,100,000

Shop fittings 4,200,000

Motor vehicle expenses owing 432,000

He has also provided the following Cashbook (Bank Column) for the year ended 31 March 2023:

Dr Cashbook (bank column) Cr

Shs Shs

Balance at 1 Apr 2022 2,420,000 Payments of trade creditors 22,177,000

Cheques from trade receivables 44,846,000 Electricity 1,090,000

Cash sales 3,921,000 Telephone 360,000

Rent 2,000,000

Advertising 1,430,000

Shop fittings 2,550,000

Insurance 946,000

Motor vehicle expenses 2,116,000

Drawings 16,743,000

_________ Balance at 31 Mar 2023 1,775,000

51,187,000 51,187,000

All cash and cheques received were paid into the bank account immediately.

You find that the following must also be taken into account:

1. Depreciation is to be written off the motor vehicle at 20% and off the shop fittings at 10%.

2. At 31 March 2023 motor vehicle expenses owing were Shs 291,000 and insurance paid in

advance was Shs 177,000.

3. Included in the amount paid for shop fittings were:

(i) a table bought for Shs 300,000, which Smithson resold during the year at cost,

(ii) some wooden shelving (cost Shs 250,000), which Smithson used in building an extension

to his house.

Other balances at 31 March 2023 were:


Trade Receivables 4,012,000

Trade creditors 2,445,000

Stock of furniture 4,063,000


(a) For the year ended 31 March 2023

(i) Determine Smithson’s sales and purchases,

(ii) Prepare the Statement of profit or loss for the year ended 31 March 2023.

(b) Prepare Smithson’s balance sheet as at 31 March 2023.

Question 4

(a) Explain:

(i) any three features of a consignment.

(ii) the differences between a consignment and a sale, as used in consignment accounts.

(b) Tamale and Kibirige entered into a joint venture to buy and sell timber. It was agreed that

Tamale would receive a commission of 5% on all sales and was to bear all losses from bad

debts, if any. Subject to this arrangement, profits and losses were to be shared equally.

On 1 February, 2018: Tamale purchased timber Shs 34 million for which he paid Shs 24 million

in cash, and accepted bills of exchange Shs 4 million and Shs 6 million.

On 2 February, 2018: Tamale sent Kibirige timber which had cost Shs 13,750,000 and Kibirige

paid Shs 17.5 million to Tamale.

On 8 February, 2018: Tamale sold timber to Kitaka Shs 2.1 million and to Yoweri Shs

1,250,000 and they accepted bills of exchange for the amounts respectively due from them.

Tamale endorsed both these bills over to Kibirige.

On 2 March 2018: Tamale sold timber Shs 9 million. On delivery, the customer rejected timber

worth Shs 450,000, and the rejected timber was collected by Kibirige, who sold it to another

customer Shs 550,000.

On 10 March, 2018: Kitaka paid his bill but Yoweri’s bill was dishonoured. Yoweri has been

declared bankrupt by court.

On 4 April 2018: Kibirige paid the bill of exchange Shs 4 million which had been accepted by

Tamale, and Tamale paid the second bill of exchange, Shs 6 million.

During the month of April 2018, Tamale sold the remainder of the timber in his possession at

Shs 14,550,000 while Kibirige’s sales amounted to Shs 17 million. Other bad debts (apart from

the amount due from Yoweri) were Shs 210,000, of which Shs 150,000 was in respect of sales

by Tamale, and Shs 60,000 was in respect of sales by Kibirige.

On 31 May 2017: the venture was closed. Kibirige took over the stock of timber in his

possession valued at Shs 2.5 million, and the sum required to settle accounts between the

venture was paid by the party accountable.


(i) Show the joint venture accounts as they would appear in the books of Tamale and Kibirige.

(ii) Prepare a memorandum joint venture account, showing the net profit. (Hint: show all the

necessary workings)

(c) Chang, a trader in Hong Kong, sent a consignment of 450 units of his product to Umesh, an

agent in Nepal. The goods had cost Chang Shs 68,000 each; he also paid freight and insurance

costs amounting to Shs 360,000.

At Chang’s financial year end Umesh had sold 380 units for Shs 90,000 each. Umesh had paid

landing charges Shs 1,800,000, import duties of Shs 675,000 and other direct expenses of Shs

45,000. Umesh is paid a 5% commission on sales plus a 2.5% del credere commission. At the

financial year end Umesh sent Chang Shs 25,000,000.


(i) The consignment account in Chang’s books of account.

(ii) Umesh’s account.

Question 5

Milly, Calister and Eileen were in partnership sharing profits and losses in the ratio of 2:1:1

respectively. On 30 June, 2017 they decided to dissolve the partnership on the basis of the

following statement of the financial position as at 30 June, 2017.

Non-current assets: Shs “000” Shs “000”

Land and buildings 210,000

Motor vehicles 30,000

Furniture and fittings 20,000 260,000

Current assets:

Inventory 25,000

Accounts receivable 35,000

Banks balances 50,000

Prepayments 15,000 125,000

Total assets 385,000

Capital & liabilities

Capital accounts

Milly 144,000

Calister 96,000

Eileen 5000 245,000

Current accounts

Milly 20,000

Calister 35,000

Eileen (45,000) 10,000

Unappropriated profits 25,000

Current liabilities

Accounts payable 105,000

Total capital & liabilities 385,000

Additional information

1. Milly took over furniture at an agreed price of Shs price of Shs15 million.

2. Trade receivables paid Shs 30 million in full settlement and the firm paid off the accounts

payable Shs 95 million in full satisfaction of their claim.

3. Calister took over inventory and prepayments at Shs 20 million and Shs 15 million


4. Realisation expenses amounted 5 million.

5. Other assets were realised as follow:

Shs “000”

Land buildings 300,000

Motor vehicles 20,000

6. Eileen was declared bankrupt.


Prepare the following for the partnership

(a) Realisation account.

(b) Partners’ capital accounts (in columnar format).

(c) Cash account

Question 6

Lucas and Lodge have been in partnership for many years running s medium sized country hotel

in Hertfordshire. When they started the business, they did not have a formal written partnership

agreement, but agreed to share the profits in the ratio Lucas 2/5 and, Lodge 3/5.

Lucas has produced a summarized balance sheet as at 31 December 2007.

Shs ‘000’

Non-current assets

Land 100

Buildings 75

Fixtures and fittings 30


Current assets 40

Net assets 245

Capital accounts

Lucas 90

Lodge 120


Current liabilities 35


After Lucas produced this balance sheet, the partners decided to draw up a written partnership

agreement in preparation for the new accounting year, stating, amongst other things, that profits

were to be shared equally. At the same time, the partners agreed to make changes to the value of

certain assets as follows:

(a) The hotel buildings are to be revalued upwards to Shs 115,000 as at 31 December 2007.

However, the revaluation is not to remain in the books of the partnership.

(b) The land is to be revalued downwards as at 31 December 2007 to Shs 80,000, the revaluation

is to remain in the books of the partnership.

(c) The values of the fixtures and fittings, current assets and current liabilities are to stay the same

as in the balance sheet prepared by Lucas. However, the value of the business as a whole (the

net assets) is to be Shs 270,000.


(a) What are the implications for Lucas of the change in profit sharing ratio?

(b) Prepare a summarized balance sheet for the partnership as at 1 January 2008, taking account

of the new profit-sharing ratio and the above revaluations.

Note. You should present your workings clearly.

(c) How and why do each of the following affect the partner’s capital accounts?

(i) The revaluation of the hotel

(ii) The revaluation of the land

(iii)The valuation of the business as a whole

(d) Account for the change in the balance on lodge’s capital account, showing how each

component of the change is different in the case of Lucas. Set out your answer in a table as


Effect on Lodge’s capital account +(-) Explanation Effect on Lucas’s capital account


Shs ‘000’ Shs ‘000’

To what do you attribute the different effects on each partner’s capital account? Has either of

the partners lost out?

(e) If the aim of a balance sheet is to show the financial state of affairs of a business at a given

point in time, which of the two balance sheets, the one prepared by Lucas and the one prepared

by you in part (b) best fulfils this objective? Give reasons for your answer.

intermediate accounting
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