QUESTIONS

Provide answers to all of the questions below:

1. Complete the following table about legislation that you need to know about in relation to completing detailed designs of motorways and interchanges.

List two different legislation relevant to detailed designs of motorways and interchanges Identify the purpose of legislation Outline how the legislation applies to detailed designs of motorways and interchanges – give one example

2. Complete the following table about Standards/Technical Specifications that you need to know about in relation detailed designs of motorways and interchanges.

List two different Standards/Technical Specification relevant to detailed designs of motorways and interchanges Identify the purpose of the Standard/Technical Specification Outline how the Standard/Technical Specification applies to detailed designs of motorways and interchanges – give one example

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3. Complete the following table regarding the purpose of policies and procedures and general documentation in relation to preparing a detailed design of motorways and interchanges.

Policies and procedures/documentation How the policy and procedure or documentation informs or contributes to a detailed design of motorways and interchanges

Cultural and heritage management

Design brief

Environmental management plan

Geotechnical management plan

Hydrological and meteorological management plan

Performance reviews

Quality management

Risk assessment and management

Surveys

System close outs (project closure)

Work health and safety

Documentation management (and to ensure all workplace recording and reporting occurs)

4. Complete the following table identifying two materials that can be used in a motorways and interchanges project and two characteristics/technical capabilities and two limitations of the material you have chosen.

Material type Characteristics/technical capabilities (2) Limitations (2)

5. Choose a type of CAD software that you may use to complete a detailed design of motorways and interchanges. Complete the following table identifying two types of CAD software and two characteristics and two limitations of the software.

CAD Software Characteristics (2) Limitations (2)

6. Explain the use of safe work method statements (SWMS) and outline the purpose of a safe work method statement.

7. Assume that you have been asked to prepare a detailed design of motorways and interchanges. List two techniques that you could use to identify and evaluate design options.

8. Answer the following questions.

a) Areas

? Give an example of how this calculation type can be used in motorways and interchanges data analysis.

? Outline the steps involved in calculating area in relation to motorways and interchanges.

? Outline one method for calculating the area of an irregular shape.

b) Identify and explain three ways in which traffic volumes can be calculated to help determine capacity and layout requirements of motorways and interchanges.

c) Identify and explain the process by which traffic density is calculated as part of designing motorways and interchanges.

d) Mass

? List three common materials that need to be calculated for mass when designing motorways and interchanges.

? Explain the process involved in calculating mass during the design of motorways and interchanges.

e) Percentages

? Provide three examples of why percentages would need to be calculated as part of the design of motorways and interchanges.

? Outline the formula for calculating percentages.

f) Grades

? Explain the importance of determining grades in the design of motorways and interchanges.

? Outline the general approach to calculating grades.

? Outline the formula for calculating grades.

g) Capacity requirements

? Explain what is meant by ‘capacity requirements’ when designing motorways and interchanges.

? Outline the general approach to calculating capacity requirements.

h) Component sizes

? Identify three types of components used in motorways and interchanges of which you would need to determine size

? Outline the general approach to calculating component sizes for motorways and interchanges

i) Geometric design

? Explain what is meant by geometric design in terms of motorway and interchange design.

? Outline three techniques for calculating geometric requirements.

j) Outline three techniques used for calculating surfacing requirements.

9. Explain how road user behaviour impacts on road capacity.

10. Explain two methods for conducting project cost estimating and at least one advantage and disadvantage of each.

11. List five components that should be included in a detailed design plan for motorways and interchanges.

12. Outline the concept of a self-evaluation, including one advantage and one disadvantage of this method.

13. Outline two performance review techniques.

14. List two types of software/technology that could be used to present a detailed design plan for motorways and interchanges.

15. List three characteristics of effective working relationships.